Lamentations

In Hebrew, a poetic work in acrostic formation, and in the LXX attached to the end of the prophecies of Jeremiah, with whom the book has been traditionally associated. He was in fact a composer of dirges (Jer. 7:29; 2 Chron. 35:25). Modern scholarship does not accept the traditional authorship. Regret that hope placed on foreign alliances had come to nothing (Lam. 4:17) is out of step with Jeremiah's thought, whereas the practices he condemned (Jer. 5:7–8; 9:1–5) are not castigated in Lam.
Although there is no historical reference in Lam., it is agreed that the book derives from the time of the fall of Jerusalem (586 BCE) and the desolation of the city (chs. 1, 2, 4, and 5). Ch. 3 describes the plight of a single individual, abandoned by God, who recognizes the justice of his suffering and believes that after genuine repentance he will be helped (Lam. 3:26–30).
Both Christian and Jewish commentators have regarded the book as prophetic. Christians in the early and the medieval Church held that it referred to Christ's sufferings and as such it was read at services called Tenebrae before Easter. Jewish commentators have seen Lam. as a prophecy of the capture of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 CE, and the lamentations are the sorrows of God at having witnessed such sufferings inflicted on the people of the covenant.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Lamentations — may refer to:*The Book of Lamentations *Lamentations of Jeremiah the Prophet and Genre of the Lamentations, two articles on the music for Tenebrae *Lamentations (Live at Shepherd s Bush Empire 2003), a live DVD by Progressive metal band Opeth …   Wikipedia

  • Lamentations — DVD Opeth Режиссёр …   Википедия

  • Lamentations — 1 Lamentations 2 Lamentations 3 Lamentations 4 Lamentations 5 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Lamentations — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Livre des Lamentations dans l Ancien Testament, un disque de Nina Simone. Voir aussi Mur des Lamentations Ce document provient de « Lamentations ».… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lamentations — Biblical book, late 14c., short for Lamentations of Jeremiah, from L. Lamentationes, translating Gk. Threnoi (see LAMENTATION (Cf. lamentation)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lamentations — [lam΄ən tāshənz] n. 〚LL(Ec) Lamentationes, transl. in Vulg. for Gr thrēnoi, in LXX〛 Bible a book traditionally ascribed to Jeremiah, lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem: abbrev. La, Lam, or Lm * * * …   Universalium

  • lamentations — ● lamentations nom féminin pluriel Versets extraits des textes du prophète Jérémie, chantés à l office des Ténèbres les jeudi, vendredi (et autrefois le samedi) saints. (Les grands maîtres franco flamands [Lassus, Le Jeune] en ont donné des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lamentations — [lam΄ən tāshənz] n. [LL(Ec) Lamentationes, transl. in Vulg. for Gr thrēnoi, in LXX] Bible a book traditionally ascribed to Jeremiah, lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem: abbrev. La, Lam, or Lm …   English World dictionary

  • Lamentations — noun an Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC; traditionally attributed to the prophet Jeremiah • Syn: ↑Book of Lamentations • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑Hagiographa,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lamentations — noun plural but singular in construction Date: 14th century a poetic book on the fall of Jerusalem in canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture see bible table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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